Saturday, 31 July 2010

Can we say RadiAllahu Anhu to Non-sahabas?

The answer is YES.

RadiAllahu Anhu means (May Allah be pleased with him). When referring to a Sahabah or Islamic Scholar it is permissable to type (R.A.) after their name or say RadiAllahu Anhu when speaking, after their name.

The below is what I have obtained from the Sunni Forums;

Reference: Ghayr sahaba ko Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu kahna Kaisa?

By: Faqih e Millat Mufti Jalaluddin Ahmed Amjadi [Rd]

Use of Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu for other than a companion of prophet is permissible as written in Durrul Mukhtar:

1. To use Radi Allahu Ta’ala for a companion is mustahab [recommended] and for taba’een and others, rahmatullah ta’ala alaih is recommended and its opposite, that is , rahmatullah ta’ala alaih for a companion and radiallahu ta’ala for taba’een and others is also permissible’
[ Durrul Mukhtar , Vol 5, page 480]

2. Alla’ma Al –Khaffaji in his Naseemur Riyadh [ Sharah Al- Shifa of Qadi Ayad Al Mailki] writes : “It is permissible to usa Radi Allahu Ta’ala for mashaykh and others”
[ Naseemur Riyadh,Vol 3,page 509]

3. Shayh Abdul Haq Muhaddith al dehalwi has used Radi Allahu Ta’ala for Uwais al- Qarni, who was not a companion.
[ Ashi’at –ul-Lama’at, Vol 4 , page 743]

4. Imam Ibn Abideen uses Radi Allahu Ta’ala for Imam Abu Hanifa at many place.
[ Rad Al- Muhtar, Vol 1 , Printed from Deoband , page 35, 36, 37 and page 42 , total six place]

5. Imam Ibn Abideen has used RadiAllahu Ta’la for Imam Shafi’I at seven places[ page 35 38, 41 , 43] and has also used Radi Allahu Ta’la for Sahl bin Abdullah al –Tustari .[ page 38]
[ Rad Al –Muhtar, Vol 1 ]

6. Imam Haskafi has used Radi Allahu Ta’la for Imam Shafi’i and Abdullah bin Mubarak .
[ Durr ul Mukhtar ,Vol 1 , page 45]

7. Imam Fakhruddin Razi has used Radi Allahu ta’la for Imam Abu Hanifa.
[ Tafsir Kabir, Vol 6 , page 382]

8. Imam Ali Al Qari has used Radi Allahu ta’la for Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Shafi’i.
[ Mirqat , Vol 1 , page 3. Bombay Edition]

9. Sayyed Ahmed Tahtawi has used Radi Allahu ta’la for Imam Abu Hanifa.
[ Tahtawi ‘ala Miraqi, Istanbul Edition , page 11]

10. Imam Al Ghazali has used Radi Allahu ta’la for Imam Malik and Imam Shafi’i.
[ Ihya uloom al deen , Vol 2 , page 7]

11. Imam Hajar al Asqalani has used Radi Allahu ta’ala for Imam Bukhari and Imam Shafi’i.
[ Muqaddima , Fat’h ul bari , page 18 and page 21]

12. Imam Nawawi has used Radi Allahu ta’ala for Imam Muslim.
[Muqaddima , sharah Muslim , page 11]

13. Shayh Abdul Haq Muhaddith al dehalwi has used Radi Allahu Ta’ala for Imam Shafi’I and Imam Bukhari.
[ Ashi’at –ul-Lama’at, Vol 1 , page 16 and page 9]

14. Shaykh Al Tibrizi [ Compiler of Mishkat al Masabih] has used Radi Allahu ta’ala for Imam Baghawi.
[Muqadiima , Mishkat al Masabih]

15. Alla’ma Al –Khaffaji has used Radi Allahu ta’la for Imam Qadi Iyad.
[ Naseemur Riyadh, page 5, Cairo Edition]

16. Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith al dehalwi has used Radi Allahu Ta’ala for Sayyedina Shaykh Abdul Qadir Al gilani , al Hasani al Husseini at more than fifteen places.
[Ashi’at –ul-Lama’at, Vol1 , page 18 and Akhbar al Akhiyar page 15.16, 18 21, 22, 23, 24 ,209, 210,211, 212,213,214]

17. Imam Mulla Ali al Qari has used Radi Allahu ta’ala for Abdullah bin mubarak, Layth bin sa’ad, Imam Malik bin Anas,Dawud tai’I, Ibrahim Bin Adham and Fudayl ibn Iyaad.
[ Mirqat, Vol 1 , page 27]

18. Allama Al-sa’avi al Maliki has used Radi Allahu ta’la for Shaykh Suleyman Jamal, Ahmed Dardeer, Salim Hafnawi, Shaykh Ameer,Imam Abul Hasan Sahykh Saeed Adawi , Allama Mohammed bin badeeri dimyati, Nuruddin Ali shabralsi, Allam Halabi, Allam Ali Ajhori, Burhan Alqi, Shamshuddin alqami , Imam Ziyaadi, Shaylh Ramli, Shaykhul Islam Zakariyya Anasari, Jalaluddin Muhalli , Imam Suyuti .
[Tafsir Sawi , Vol 1 , page 3]

19. Imam al Shatnufi in [Bahjatul Asraar] has used Radi Allahu ta’la at many places for other than companions and in Bidaya , Radi Allahu Ta’ala has been used for sahibe Al Hidaya by his students at many places.

1. Al quran, 98: 8
جَزَآؤُهُمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ تَجْرِى مِنْ تَحْتِهَا ٱلأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَآ أَبَداً رِّضِىَ ٱللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُواْ عَنْهُ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ خَشِيَ رَبَّهُ
98:8 jazaauhum 'Inda rab-bihim jan-naatu 'Adnin tajriy min taHtihal anhaaru khaalidiyna fiyhaa abadaa* raDiyal-laahu 'Anhum wa raDuu 'Anh* dhaalika liman khashiya rab-bah

Their reward is - with their Lord - everlasting Gardens of Eden beneath which rivers flow, in which they will abide for ever and ever; Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him; this is for one who fears his Lord

Tafseer Madarik al – Tanzeel wa Haqa´iq Al- Tanweel [ By: Abu Al-Barakat Abdullah Ibn Ahmad Al-Nasfi ] says in explaining the above verse

{ ذٰلِكَ } أي الرضا { لِمَنْ خَشِىَ رَبَّهُ }

raDiyal-laahu 'Anhum wa raDuu 'Anh (Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him) is for those who have fear of their Lord in their heart.

And fear of Lord is more in the heart of Ulema ( scholars) as stated by Imam Razi in his tafsir:

“ When this verse is understood along with other verse then the superiority of knowledge and scholars is established because the scholars have the fear of Allah in their heart’

( Tafsir Kabir , Vol 8, page 460 , under 98:

Tafsir Ruh ul Bayaan under the above verse also gives a similar explaination.

Hence Radi Allahu Ta’ala can be used for any Islamic scholar who had correct Aqida , followed shariah and had fear and love of Allah in his heart

JazakAllah Khairan to everyone who provided me with input on this discussion.

Saturday, 3 July 2010

The Etiquettes of Salam

Said the Chief of the Prophets; "He is the nearest to Allah, the Mighty, the Glorious who takes the initiative in offering Salam (without waiting for the other to greet him)."

"The best deed in Islam is to feed the people, to offer Salam to every Muslim, whether known to you or not".

"When someone conveys to you the Salam, Assalumu Alaikum, say in return "Walaikum Salam" or better"

Being a Muslim revert, one of the first lessons I learnt was that you greet fellow Muslim Brothers by saying "Assalamu Alaikum" or "Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatulahi Barakthu" Then in return the Muslim brother must say "Walaikum Salam, or "Walaikum Salam Wa Rahamatulahi Barakthu", because to not respond to a Salam is a grave sin upon that Muslim.

So, imagine my surprise that 3 years later I have come across a lot of Muslim Brothers who do not appear to know this!

I have noticed that the Muslim brother will reply to my Salam by also saying "Assalamu Alaikum" .. surely that is WRONG?

I have also noticed that the more outwardly religious the Muslim Brother appears to be, the more chance he will IGNORE ME! (With their noses pointed upwards, in an arrogant manner).

It got to the stage that I decided I would walk through London and target those who I didn't expect to reply, and just Salam them to prove to myself that yes, they would ignore me! Allah forgive me!

If we want Jannat, Paradise in the hereafter then we must get the basics RIGHT!

Therefore, learn these 2 important Salam's.

When you see a Muslim brother say "Assalamu Alaikum".

If a Muslim brother says Salam to you, respond with "Walaikum Salam".

Do not let the Shaytan get the better of you by making you believe that "Hello" and "Bye" is acceptable.

By Salaming Muslim Brothers you will find that you have Islam in your heart, and you will be a step closer to Jannah, Paradise.

Assalamu Alaikum to my Muslim Brothers.

Remain silent during salat.

Narrated Zaid bin Arqam;

In the lifetime of the Prophet (saw) we used to speak while offering As-salat (the prayer), and one of us would tell his needs to his companions, til the Verse;

'Guard strictly the (five obligatory) Salat (prayers) especially the middle i.e the best (Asr) prayer; and stand before Allah with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers)], (V2:238) was revealed. After that we were ordered to remain silent while offering Salat (prayer).

The shaytan is with us more easily during Salat and we appear ignorant to this ... the MOBILE PHONE!

I love praying in congregation 5 times a day with a room full of my fellow Muslim brothers... it is an amazing experience ... but .. it is so frustrating and distracting when someone's phone goes off.

If I was the Imam I would stop altogether and start again because of this dreadful interuption ...

I've even stood alongside a Muslim brother who has ANSWERED HIS PHONE! "Yeah bruv, just at the mosque praying ... 10 minutes ... yes .. yes .. I'll be out in 10 minutes ... How sad is it that I remember that conversation and not the verse the imam was reciting! There were even brothers in the row in front of me who TURNED AROUND to look!

And don't think having your phone on Vibrate is the answer ... I have prayed next to a brother who had someone so desperate to talk to them that they just kept ringing again and again so all I heard throughout 4 rakats was a vibrating noise which seriously became tedious and annoying.

Here is the answer .. and it is what I do ...

Please leave your mobile phones at home .. really, how difficult can that be?

May Allah save us all from Shaytan's tricks.